The Constitutional Revolution of 1285 (1906 AD) was carried out to establish democratic freedoms, justice and a decentralized political structure in the form of “state and provincial associations” in order to exercise the democratic will of the Iranian people with different historical identities.
With the coup d’etat of 1299 AD (1920 AD), the Pahlavi dynasty, in complete conflict with the achievements of the Constitutional Revolution and the multifaceted national and cultural structure (linguistic and religious), made the political and administrative structure extremely centralized and totalitarianism over the country and succeeded in social disintegration. To impose on the country and marginalize non-Persian nationalities. The 1979 revolution, which was originally based on dictatorship and political, social, economic and cultural discrimination against the Iranian people, was misled by the religious beliefs of the people and led to the formation of a religious totalitarian state. The revolution failed miserably, and more public religious discrimination against previous discrimination against the various peoples of Iran was legalized.
The suppression of popular resistance to religious totalitarian tyranny, which led to the forced deportation of political parties and organizations in Iran, especially in the 1960s, through the brutal repression and brutal killing of political activists.
The need for solidarity and the formation of strong political coalitions with common goals led to a broad exchange of views and close rapprochement between 1995 and 2004 between political organizations belonging to nationally oppressed nations, paving the way for the founding of the “Federal Congress of Iranian Nationalities”. The product of such an activity and process was established in February 2005 at the London Summit with the presence of 16 political organizations belonging to different nationalities of Iran.
The founding members of the Congress of Federal Iran Nationalities, who signed the London Document on February 20, 2005, are in alphabetical order:
1. Baluchistan-Iran United Front
2. The Federal Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan
3. Ahwaz Democratic Solidarity Party
4. Democratic Party of Kurdistan of Iran
5. Komala Party of Kurdistan of Iran
6. Balochistan People’s Party
7. Organization for the Defense of the National Rights of the Turkmen People
The members of this “Congress” at the April 2013 General Assembly in London are in alphabetical order:
1. Baluchistan-Iran United Front (Republicans)
2. Balochistan People’s Front
3. The Federal Democratic Movement of Azerbaijan
4. Turkmen Sahara Solidarity Council
5. Bakhtiari and Lorestan Union Party
6. Al-Awaz Democratic Solidarity Party (Saudi Arabia)
7. Democratic Party of Kurdistan of Iran
8. Komala Party of Kurdistan of Iran
9. Balochistan People’s Party
10. Organization for the Defense of the National Rights of the Turkmen People
11. Kermanj People’s Organization (Kurds of Khorasan)
12. Cultural and Political Center of Azerbaijan
13. Cultural and political center of the Turkmen people
1۔ Iran is a multinational country in which all nationalities residing must participate equally in political sovereignty and governance by ensuring equal national rights. This is a right that has been taken away from them so far.
2- Demographic structure of Iran, consisting of nationalities in alphabetical order; Baloch, Turks, Turkmen, Kurds, Arabs, Persians, Lors, etc., each with millions of dimensions have their own historical lands and national characteristics.
3. The political legitimacy of any government always stems from the exercise of the direct will of the people who make up a country. Therefore, the will of all different nationalities living in Iran and the observance of their equal national rights should not be neglected under any circumstances.
4. The system of a federal parliamentary republic based on the consensual democracy of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and its accession conventions is the only way to exercise the equal will of all citizens (individual rights) and all nationalities (collective rights) based on their national-geographical characteristics. Secular Iranian (means the separation of any religious and ideological institution from the institution of government and government).
1- The name of this organization is “Congress of Nationalities of Federal Iran” and in English The Congress of Nationalities for a Federal Iran is abbreviated to CNFI, which in this statute and other internal documents refer to it as “Congress of Nationalities of Federal Iran” or “Congress “Nationalities” will be remembered.
2. The “Congress of Nationalities”, within the framework of its basic principles, strives to form an alliance of political action and to form a broader coalition with other democratic, libertarian and anti-discrimination forces in Iran.
3- After the overthrow of the regime of the Islamic Republic of Iran and the realization of the federal parliamentary republic system based on pluralistic democracy and based on the agreement and interaction of secularism in Iran, the existence of the “Congress of Nationalities” as an institution promoting the basic principles of this statute. Will continue.
4. The main task of the Congress of Nationalities is to coordinate the activities of its members, in accordance with the common principles set forth in its Charter.
Membership in the Federal Iranian National Congress:
A: Membership in the Congress of Federal Iranian Nationalities:
1. Acceptance of the Charter of the Congress of Nationalities and payment of the membership fee is a condition for the membership of the organizations in the Congress of Federal Nationalities of Iran.
2. Membership in the Congress begins with a written request to the Secretariat of the Congress of Federal Nationalities of Iran and will be considered in the General Assembly. Acceptance or rejection of the membership application is the prerogative of the “General Assembly”.
3. Organizations or organizations that apply for membership in the Congress with the approval of the Council of Representatives until the approval of their membership in the General Assembly can participate as an observer member in the activities of the Congress.
B: Membership in the Council of Representatives of the Congress of Nationalities:
1. Each member organization of the Congress of Nationalities shall have a representative in the House of Representatives and the General Assembly.
2. The members of the Council of Representatives are obliged to participate in all the meetings of this council.
A: Members’ rights:
1. In the formal sessions of the Council of Representatives of the Congress of Nationalities, each member shall have only one vote.
2. Members of the Congress of Nationalities shall maintain their political and organizational independence while adhering to the basic principles and other resolutions of the Congress of Nationalities.
3. Any member of the Congress of Nationalities may be a member of coalitions or other organizations, provided that the program of that union or coalition and the nature of their activities do not conflict with the essence of the basic objectives of the Congress of Nationalities.
4. Receipt of the minutes of discussions and decisions of the official meetings of the “Council of Representatives of the Congress of Nationalities” is the right of each member of the Congress of Nationalities.
5. Members have the right to complain about any organ or authority to the same organ and higher organs. Members’ complaints must be documented and in writing. The highest body for handling members’ complaints is the “House of Representatives” of the Congress of Nationalities.
D- Disclaimer of membership and responsibility:
The member or members will be removed from membership or responsibility if:
1. To act against the political and organizational goals and interests of the “Congress of Nationalities”.
2. Do not fulfill their financial obligation.
3. Do not attend an in-person meeting or three consecutive virtual sessions of the Council of Representatives of the Congress of Nationalities without a valid excuse.
4. The suspension of the offending member is one of the powers of the “Executive Board” of the Congress of Nationalities.
5. The right to revoke membership in the powers of the General Assembly of the Congress of Nations.
6. The decision of the “Executive Board” and the “General Assembly” to suspend or revoke membership shall be formally notified in writing by the Secretariat of the Congress of Nationalities.
Structural organs of the Congress of Nationalities:
a. General Assembly
Council of RepresentatiExecutive Board
National and urban units
ھ. Committees and working committees
A- General Assembly:
1. The General Assembly of the Congress of Nationalities is the supreme decision-making body regarding the basic principles and criteria of the Congress of Nationalities, matters relating to the admission and revocation of memberships, and the consideration of complaints received by members of the Congress of Nationalities.
2. The responsibility for the preparations and management of the General Assembly is the responsibility of the coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities through the “Executive Board” channel, the Secretariat of the Congress and the financial officer of the national units – the Congress of Nations.
3. The by-laws of the manner of holding and the order of the meeting of the General Assembly shall be announced and sent by the Secretariat to the Council of Representatives of the Congress at least 20 days before the date of the meeting.
4. Ordinary meetings of the General Assembly shall be convened every two years with the participation of at least two-thirds of the official representatives of all members of the Congress of Nationalities in the “Council of Representatives” and with the presence of representatives of the regional units.
5. When two-thirds of the official members of the Congress of Nationalities (Council of Representatives) or two-thirds of the members of the Executive Board of the Congress of Nationalities request the convening of an Extraordinary General Assembly, the Coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities shall convene and the Secretariat of the Congress shall The General Assembly shall be at the time agreed upon by the Executive Board.
6. Any member of the “Council of Representatives” who has not paid his annual membership fee without interruption may not be present at the General Assembly and shall not have the right to vote if he is present to defend himself.
7. The representatives of the national-urban units of the Congress of Nationalities and the working committees participating in the General Assembly of the Congress of Nationalities shall have the right to participate in the discussions by consultative vote.
8. The reports of the representatives of the various committees and organs of the Congress of Nationalities shall be presented at the General Assembly of the Congress and the necessary proposals and amendments to the organizational structure of the Congress of Nationalities shall be approved by the General Assembly.
9. Each member present at the General Assembly shall have one vote cast by the official representative of that member in the “Council of Representatives”.
10. The minutes of the General Assembly of the Congress of Nationalities shall be prepared by the Secretariat of the Congress of Nationalities and shall be communicated in writing to all members of the Congress of Nationalities.
11- The General Assembly is responsible for accepting or rejecting the membership application of the parties and organizations applying for membership in the Congress of Nationalities.
B- Council of Representatives:
1. The Council of Representatives of the Congress consists of the representatives of the parties and member organizations in the Congress of Nationalities.
2. The members of the Council of Representatives gathered in the ordinary or “emergency” sessions of the Congress are the supreme policy-making authority of the Congress of Federal Nationalities of Iran.
3. The House of Representatives shall convene an online virtual meeting between the two General Assemblies whenever the “Executive Board of Congress” needs to consult with them.
4. The Council of Representatives of the Congress approves the members of the “Executive Board” of the Congress of Nationalities in the General Assembly of the Congress.
5. The Council of Representatives shall, if necessary and at the request of at least once every two months, convene a meeting with the participation of two thirds of the members of the Council of Representatives.
C- Executive Board:
1. The Executive Board of the Congress of Nationalities shall be approved by the representatives of the Congress parties in the General Assembly.
2. Each member organization of the Congress of Nationalities, provided that it can be active in three national units – the Congress of Nationalities and in each of these three units introduce two active members to the working group of the Congress in those national units – the right to be a member of the Executive Board. Unless he himself avoids membership in the executive board.
3. The Executive Board of the Congress is responsible for the implementation of the resolutions of the “Council of Representatives” between the two General Assemblies. It is responsible for the coordination of the activities of the national units.
4- Establishing relations and interaction with other opposition and international forces, institutions and organizations is within the responsibility of the Executive Board.
5. The Executive Board is responsible for announcing the official positions of the Congress of Federal Iranian Nationalities
6- Reporting the activities of the Executive Board to the Council of Representatives at least once every three months is one of the duties of this Board.
7- The formation of national working committees based on the needs of the Congress of Nationalities is the responsibility of the executive board.
7.1 The working committees and committees of the Congress of Nationalities shall operate under the supervision of the Executive Boards.
7.2- Committees and working committees have internal bylaws that have been approved by the Executive Board of Congress.
7.3 The members of each committee and working committee shall appoint one person from among themselves as the head of their working group.
7.4 The leaders of the working groups will be in direct contact with the coordinator of the Executive Board of the Congress of Nationalities.
7.5 National Committees – The Congress of Nationalities is a subset of the Congress of Nationalities within a specified national area.
6۔۷- In any country where at least three members of the Congress of Nationalities are actively present, the Executive Board can form a national unit in that section.
8. The members of the Executive Board of the Congress of Nationalities shall, in each of our new terms, approve one person as the “Coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities” between the two General Assemblies and in turn.
8.1 The Coordinator of the Congress is responsible for coordinating the activities of the national units and the activities of the Executive Board of the Congress.
2۔۸- The Coordinator of the Congress is responsible to the Executive Board
3۔۸- The Coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities and the Secretariat of the Congress of Nationalities are in direct contact and will cooperate mutually in joint affairs and duties.
3۔۸- The Coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities is responsible for preparing a report to be represented by the Executive Board for submission to the meetings of the Council of Representatives of the Congress of Nationalities.
4-8 The Coordinator of the Congress of Nationalities will remain in charge of the Congress of Nationalities until the transfer of responsibilities to the new Coordinator is complete.
د. National units
1- Stockholm Sweden unit
ھ. Committees and working committees
Finance Commission 1- The Finance Commission consists of three people and is elected by the Council of Representatives in the General Assembly.
2. The registered treasurer of the Congress in London is elected as a permanent member and the other two members are elected as periodic representatives.
3. The Finance Committee shall submit an annual financial report to the Council of Representatives.
1- The head of the secretariat is elected by the executive board in each term. ۲. The Secretariat is responsible for preparing the protocol and maintaining the archives of documents and. Congress.
4: Charter of the Federal Iranian National Congress:
Charter of the Congress of Federal Iranian Nationalities
Iran belongs to all the people, and the nationalities living in it, a right that has so far been taken away from the majority of them. We are well aware of the political, social, economic and cultural oppression in the country and of the absolute injustice in the field of national rights of non-Persian nationalities, and therefore, the sacrifices and hardships of the children of this border and We appreciate Boom for tolerating justice and freedom in Iran.
We believe that the legitimacy of a political system stems from the exercise of the free will of the people, and in the majority of Iran, this legitimacy stems from the free will of the citizens of the country and its nationalities.
Because without the participation of the two layers, citizens and nationalities living in the country, it is impossible to manage the internal affairs fairly, both at the national and macro level, and at the same time to create equal opportunities at the national level for the regions belonging to the nation. In Iran and the achievement of legitimate freedoms, sustainable and parallel growth and development at the national level, we establish a republic-based military, federalism (based on national and geographical criteria) and democracy as the only credible and lasting CIA mechanism. In order to exercise the free will of citizens and nationalities in the context of a free, democratic and united Iran.
Accordingly, we, the political parties and organizations belonging to the Iranian nationalities, which met on February 20, 2005 in the “Congress of the Nationalities of the Federal Republic of Iran” and united, and the following basic principles, the principles Subscribe to our work program for cooperation and activities:
1. The Islamic Republic is a totalitarian regime that opposes the freedom and rights of the Iranian people, so its overthrow is the basic condition for the establishment of a federal and democratic government in Iran.
2. While we firmly believe in the will of nations to determine their own destiny on the basis of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and International Covenants, the demands of the federal government in Iran are based on the national-geopolitical criteria in We are four frames of Iran.
3. Complete separation of religion and state.
4. Elimination of any gender discrimination, and ensuring equal rights for women and men in all areas of politics, society, economy …
5. Ensuring freedom of opinion and expression, political and social organizations, and ensuring the legal equality of all citizens in their legal use.
6. Ensuring economic and social justice and improving the quality of life of all citizens.
7. Establish a peaceful relationship with all countries on the basis of mutual respect, respect for international treaties, and the settlement of disputes through peaceful means and international law.
8. Combating terrorism and weapons of mass destruction in the region and international cooperation against it, and defending the peaceful resolution of regional and international conflicts.
9. We call on the organizations and personalities of the CIA who believe in the benefits of this program to join this Congress and to assist us in advancing this important issue.